Job evaluation refers to the techniques used to determine the relative importance of individual positions. The result of the job evaluation process is a framework where all positions, both existing and newly created positions, can be measured in their relative importance.
In most cases, the results will be used for pay determination purposes. Job evaluation techniques are used by organizations to enhance and stabilize judgements about the salary treatment of individual positions. The purpose of job evaluation is to ensure that pay relationships are internally equitable, using a common, bias-free measurement tool .